This is a very good application about Stephen Hawking a British theoretical physicist. Hawking was a Lucasian professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, a fellow of Gonville and Caius college, Cambridge and the distinguished research chair at waterloo’s perimeter Institute of Theoretical physics.
Professor Stephen William Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford, England, which is exactly 300 years after the death of Galileo. From a very early age Hawking showed the qualities of a scientist, he was always inquisitive. He liked to build models to see how things worked.
Hawking went to the High School for Girls (yes, the school was supposed to be for girls) at St. Albans at the age of 8. Later, he switched to St. Albans School by passing the eleven-plus examination. Hawking was a keen child, but he was not the brightest in his competitive A stream class. Some of his classmates did not believe he could do well, though they gave him the nickname of Einstein.
Hawking has been a Researcher Fellow and later on a Professorial Fellow at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. He left the Institute of Astronomy in 1973, and took the post of Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics since 1979.
Hawking's studies mainly concern with the basic laws that govern the universe. From 1965 to 1970, Hawking showed with Roger Penrose of Birkbeck College, London that there would be a Big Bang singularity by considering Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. Between 1970 and 1974, Hawking concentrated his studies on black holes. He combined Quantum Mechanics with General Relativity into the theory of Hawking Radiation in 1974. In 1983 Hawking and Jim Hurtle of the University of California at Santa Barbara suggested that there is no edge for space and time though they are finite in extent. This implies that the laws of science would be able to determine how the universe begun!
Unfortunately in 1985, Hawking caught pneumonia and had a tracheotomy operation, which removed his voice. He had some difficult time to communicate with others. This situation was not relieved until he had a small portable computer and a speech synthesizer fitted to his wheelchair by David Mason of Cambridge. But another problem arose as the synthesizer gave this English physicist an American accent.
Overcoming the obstacle of his illness, Professor Hawking has great contribution in Physics and has received many awards, medals and prizes worldwide. So far he has been awarded 12 honorary degrees. He received his Commander of the British Empire (CBE) title in 1982 and the Companion of Honor (CH) in 1989. He is a Fellow of the US National Academy of Sciences. Now he is continuing his research on theoretical Physics and giving public lectures around the world.
He is known for his contribution to the fields of cosmology and quantum gravity, especially in the context of black holes.
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