Touch how smart Greek astronomers were ! and understand the solar system using many animations.
Ptolemy Universe application for iPad, iPhone and iPod gives you, with modern tools, an easy way to understand how the planets are moving around the sun. Ancient Greeks, looking at stars invented a model that gives, with a good accuracy, the position of the 5 naked eyes planets (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn). Even if the Ptolemy system is false it gives a good approximation of the planets positions.
Ptolemy Universe uses six screens to capture the overall view of the solar system, with the stars in the background:
1) - the earth centred view (Ptolemy 90 AD geocentric model)
2) - the sun centred view (Copernican 1540 AD : heliocentric model)
3) - what you actually see from earth, the planets moving in front of the 12 zodiac constellations: Fish, Ram, Bull, Twins, Crab, Lion, Maiden, Scales, Scorpion, Archer, Sea goat and Water bearer.
4) - the retrogrades for each planets
5) - the trajectory of each planets showing the distance between earth and naked eyes planets for each day of the years
6) - the Ptolemy epicycle model simulation with an epicycle animation (understand equant, deferent and epicycles).
7) - the planets orbits
Except for the last simulation, the planets positions are calculated using modern algorithms.
This application, on the iPad is a perfect tool for education and for dome projection. Concerning dome projection it has been scaled to adjust to the video projection systems capabilities. It can be used as a tool for Planetarium exhibitions.
In the ecliptic screen, a double touch on the stars or the planets shows their mane. selecting the planets show the planet trajectories. A double tap on the sun and see Mercury and Venus dancing ! with a single tap see their remanent path.
Ptolemy was a Greek-Roman astronomer born 90, died 168 in Egypt.
Ptolemy Planetary system present the universe as a set of nested spheres with the earth at the center of the universe. Ptolemy used the epicycles of his planetary model to compute the dimensions of the universe.
The apparent motion of the heavenly bodies with respect to time is cyclical in nature. Apollonius of Perga (200 BC) realized that this cyclical variation could be represented visually by circles, or epicycles (mini circular orbits), revolving on larger circular orbits, or deferents. Deferents and epicycles in the ancient models did not represent orbits in the modern sense. The ancients did not know about orbits.
Claudius Ptolemy refined the deferent/epicycle concept and introduced the equant as a mechanism for accounting for velocity variations in the motions of the planets. The empirical methodology he developed proved to be extraordinarily accurate for its day and was still in use at the time of Copernicus (1473) and Kepler (1571).